Definition | Treatment | Management of Disease | Diagnosis | Symptoms | Etiology | Pathophysiology | Procedure

 

Management of Cough

The best management of cough is best to specific drug delivery to the etiology. Three forms of management of cough are:

1. Without the drug delivery
Cases with a cough without the interference caused by acute illness and heal itself usually does not need medication.
2. Specific Treatment
This treatment is given to the causes of cough.
If the cause of cough is known then the treatment should be directed towards the cause. With an integrated diagnostic evaluation, in almost all patients can be a known cause of chronic cough.
Specific treatment depends on the etiology or the cough mechanism. Asthma treated with bronchodilators or corticosteroids. Post nasal drip due to sinusitis treated with antibiotics, nasal spray and antihistamine-decongestant combinations, post nasal drip due to allergies or non allergic rhinitis dealt with avoiding environments that have the precipitating factors and antihistamine-decongestant combinations.
Gastroesophageal reflux treated by elevating the head, dietary modifications, antacids and cimetidine. Cough in chronic bronchitis treated by stopping smoking. Antibiotics are given to pneumonia, sarcoidosis treated with corticosteroids and cough in congestive heart failure with digoxin and furosemide.
Specific treatment also may include surgery such as pulmonary resection in lung cancer, polypectomi, remove hair from the outer ear canal.
Cases with a cough without the interference caused by acute illness and heal itself usually does not need medication.
3. Symptomatic treatment
Given both to patients who can not determined the cause of the cough as well as to patients who cough is a nuisance, not working properly and can potentially cause complications.
Symptomatic treatment is given if:
The cause of cough is certainly not known, so that specific treatment can not be given.
Coughing is not functioning properly and its complications endanger the patient.
Drugs used for symptomatic treatment of two types namely:
a. Antitussive
Antitussive is a medication that suppress the cough reflex, used in respiratory disorders and unproductive coughs due to irritated skin.
In general, based on place of work is divided into antitussive  drug that works in the peripheral and central antitussive who works at. Working in the central antitussive divided into non-narcotic and narcotic.
b. Mucokinesis
A pathologic fluid retention in the airway is called mucostasis. Drugs that are used to handle the situation called mucokinesis.

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2 comment to “Management of Cough”

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