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Management of Occupational asthma

To prevent the occurrence of occupational asthma is a medical examination prior to employment, use of protective equipment, monitoring air pollutants in the working environment is highly recommended. If occupational asthma has occurred, then transfer to the outside of the work environment is important. If for some reason can not be moved then it must be the prevention and monitoring of lung function decline.

Periodic evaluation of lung function in workers who already suffer from occupational asthma are needed to prevent disability. Clinical asthma will persist until a few years even though the worker has been out of work environment.

Medical treatment in patients with occupational asthma such as bronchial asthma in general:

  1. Theophylline, a bronchodilator and may suppress neutrophil chemotactic factor. Effectiveness of the two functions above depend on the serum levels of theophylline.
  2. Beta agonists, bronchodilators are the most good for the treatment of occupational asthma in comparison with cholinergic antagonists (ipratropium bromid).
  3. The combination of beta-agonists with ipratropium bromid improve lung function is better than just a beta agonist alone.
  4. Corticosteroids, from various studies is known to prevent the bronchoconstriction caused by bronchial provocation with allergens. It will also improve lung function, decrease exacerbations and airway hiperesponsivitas and will ultimately improve the quality of life.

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